Asplenium is a kind of plant that has two species, and one of them is the so-called Birds nest fern or the Asplenium nidus. Asplenium nidus is one of the species of Asplenium that is found through cultivation. The second species is the so-called Asplenium bulbiferum or known as its common name mother fern or spleenwort. This is one of the Asplenium species that is not easy to grow, and its look is different from the looks of the Bird’s nest fern. This type of plant is considered as epiphytic. Epiphytic means it is a kind of plant that usually grown together with the other plants. You can usually found this birds nest fern in the crooks of the trees in the rainforests.
The birds nest fern have the shape of a spoon like, and the color of its fronds is red apple that will grow from the center of the rosette. You can say that a plant is healthy if its fronds are three feet long, but healthy plants are considered rare if you will plant it indoors. The birds nest fern are an elegant and attractive plant that is in need to have a little more care to get its highest potential as a plant.
Facts about Birds nest fern Plant
- Asplenium nidus is the botanical name of the Bird’s nest fern plant.
- The most common and usual name of the Asplenium nidus is Bird’s nest fern or nest fern.
- Bird’s nest fern is a type of perennial plant in warm climates.
- The mature size of the Bird’s nest fern plant is four to eight inches broad and 20 to 59 inches long of its fronds.
- Indirect or filtered light is the most suitable sun exposure for the bird’s nest fern plant.
- The suitable soil that you should use in planting the bird’s nest fern plant is a peat-based potting mix type of soil.
- The growth of the bird’s nest fern plant is faster every summer season and spring season. It can grow all year if the climate is suitable for the plant.
- The bird’s nest fern plant doesn’t have any flower.
- The color of its foliage is lush green.
- Tropical Asia and East tropical Africa is the native area of this bird’s nest fern plant.
How to Grow Bird’s Nest Fern Plant
The Bird’s nest fern is a plant that can grow bigger and larger if it is planted inside a greenhouse. The Bird’s nest fern doesn’t have any flower to bloom, but the beauty of this can attract the eyes of many people. You can plant this Birds nest fern together with bromeliads, orchids or any plants that you can found in rainforests. Giving your Bird’s nest fern plant the right and suitable moisture and warmth can make the plant looks tidy and healthier. If you gave enough moisture and warmth to your bird’s nest fern plant, I am sure that it will require you to give a higher level of light. You can place your bird’s nest fern plant at the edges of your bathtub or your shower ledge near your window. It is the best place for your bird’s nest fern plant to have enough light, optimal warmth and humidity.
Bird’s nest fern plant is a type of outdoor plant. This kind of plant is commonly known as a type of plant that will attach itself to the crooks of the trees to grow directly in there. The bird’s nest fern plant will attach itself to the crooks of the tree if they find it a good spot for them to nestle with. The bird’s nest fern plant will usually like to attach themselves on the trees for it is the most suitable area for them to have the right amount of humidity, and the shaded or indirect sun exposure because of the leaves and branches of the tree they get attached.
If you took care for your bird’s nest fern plant properly, I am sure that it will give you the growth that you want in an easier and faster way. The leaves are now emerging to the main area of the said plant. The word “main area” refers to the nest of the plant. Do not ever touch the newly emerged leaves of the plant, or you can touch its leaves gently and conscientiously. These types of perennial plants are just like a glass that needs to be handled with care. It is a very fragile type of plant. If you tried to touch them hard, it would give your bird’s nest fern plant to deform or to be broken. Unlike euphorbia ABYSSINICA plant, this bird’s nest fern plant is safe for cats, dogs and human for this plant is not a type of poisonous plant.
The bird’s nest fern plant is a type of plant that requires light shaded to filtered light. Keep in mind that the bird’s nest fern plant is a type of plant that must not be exposed to direct sunlight no other than to the sunlight every morning. It is ideal for you to locate your own bird’s nest fern plant in the place where it faces the North and East directions.
Since the real habitat of this bird’s nest fern plant is in the rainforests, thus it is a type of jungle plants. Maintain the suitable level of its moisture and if possible give it the highest level of humidity. Do not ever let your bird’s nest fern turn soggy. Make sure that you will not put the water directly to its nest when watering because it will cause to develop mold and rot. You should put the water directly to its sol rather than putting it directly to the nest.
The suitable type of soil to your bird’s nest fern plant is a rich organic compost type of soil, loose soil or the peat-based potting mix. One part of perlite and two parts of peat is the mixture that you can also use when planting your bird’s nest fern plant. Or you can even try the soil that has the peat-based mixture and some organic fertilizer.
April to September is the growing season of the bird’s nest fern plant. During these months, it is the right time for you to fertilize your bird’s nest fern plant with a weak liquid fertilizer. Make sure that you will not add some fertilizer pellets to the nest of the plant. Reduce putting the fertilizer to the plant during the winter season it is because this kind of plant is on its resting phase during that season. If you will put too much amount of fertilizer to your bird’s nest fern plant, it can be the reason of deforming of your plant’s leaves and will develop some brown or yellow spotted to its leaves.
Humidity and Temperature
This type of perennial plant is in need to be placed in a warm location. Maintain the temperature of your greenhouse (if the bird’s nest fern plant is planted inside a greenhouse) between 60 to 80 degrees F. cold temperature will make your bird’s nest fern plant on its weak state. This kind of plant would like to be placed in an area that has a humid temperature such as a terrarium, greenhouse or your bathroom. Or if not, you can also place a humidifier beside your bird’s nest fern plant.
Bird’s nest fern plant is different from the other varieties of fern species it is because this bird’s nest fern plant is hard to be divided or to propagate unlike to the other varieties of fern. The bird’s nest fern plant comes from the tissue or spore culture. It will only mean that the propagation of this bird’s nest fern plant is not easy especially for those ordinary home growers.
Potting and Repotting
The bird’s nest fern plant is a type of perennial plant that is in need to be slightly underpotted. Epiphytic plants are known to grow in a soil that has organic fertilizer. A matured bird’s nest fern plant will usually have longer ferns that will shed the lower leaves of the said plant. The main problem is that a larger and longer ferns will usually tip over the smaller pots. If you want to re-pot your bird’s nest fern plant, you can do this every year but make sure that you will use a pot that is larger than the old one, also change the soil you have used and add some organic fertilizer on it.
One of the varietals of a bird’s nest fern plant is that it has frilly or crinkled leaf margins. Spleenwort or the so-called mother fern can be purchased through online or nursery. But spleenwort or the other species of Asplenium is harder to grow when compared to the bird’s nest fern plant.
Common Problems of Planting a Bird’s Nest Fern Plant
The following are the common problems that you can experience while growing your own bird’s nest fern plant.
Wilting and Limp Plant
In this case, you could put too much water to its soil or its nest directly.
Pale Fronds and Plant Lacking Growth
The primary reason for this problem is the lack of fertilizer to the soil. Pale fronds may also the cause of exposing your bird’s nest fern plant in the direct sunlight.
Brown Dots on Underside
This third common problem of growing the bird’s nest fern plant is called as the spores. The spores can be your indication that your bird’s nest fern plant is growing well and healthy. But if you see brown dots on the underside, it is an indication that your bird’s nest fern plant is not in a good condition.
Frond Tips Brown
The major cause of this common problem of growing a bird’s nest fern plant is the lack of proper humidity level and dry air. You can save your bird’s nest fern plant through increasing the level of the humidity temperature of its environment.
The scale is a pest that is very common to the bird’s nest fern plant. You can determine that your bird’s nest fern has the scale pest when you see that the leaves of your plant have brown and small dots on it. You can remove this kind of pest through the use of a damp cloth, gently wipe the leaves of your bird’s nest fern and immediately spray it with insecticide when you already removed the pest.
To sum it up, a Bird’s nest fern plant is a type of perennial plant. It is also one of the species of the Asplenium. The botanic name of this plant is Asplenium nidus, and the other species is the so-called Asplenium bulbiferum which has the common name spleenwort of mother fern. It is commonly found in the crooks of the tree. They don’t bear any flower to bloom yet it is still beautiful.
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